The Pinworm, known scientifically as Enterobius vermicularis or Oxiurus vermicularis, is a worm that causes an intestinal verminosis called enterobiasis or oxiuriasis. This infection is the most common intestinal parasite infection in the United States. In the popular language, oxiuro is also known as pidulle. Though pinworm infection is actually very common into the United States, it is a much unknown worm among the citizens; because of that, many people have no idea of how to get rid this infection once they got it. That is why in this article we are going to tell you how to get rid of Pinworms.
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What they are and how to get rid of Pinworms.
As it was mentioned before, the Pinworms are the Enterobius vermicular; is a nematode helminth (more specifically a worm) which shape is cylindrical and of a white color. This worm measuring about 1 cm. this worm lives in the intestines of human beings, more specifically in the region of the caecum (better known as the beginning of the large intestine) and the appendix.
The human being is the only natural host of the pinworms and its infection occurs in all countries and socioeconomic groups. Enterobiasis can occur at any age, but it is more frequently seen among children of school age of 5 to 10 years, being relatively rare in children under 2 years of age, this happens since young children often share items and brush up against each other while playing, which can put them at risk for reinfection.
Causes, characteristics and how to get rid of pinworms.
It is pretty much easy to ingest these parasites without knowing it. After the ingestion, they can travel through your digestive system and lay their eggs in the skin folds near your anus. The infestation usually occurs as a result of the transfer of eggs from the perianal area to usual items or objects (like clothing, linen, furniture, carpets, toys, toilet seats), where a new host collects the eggs, brings them to his mouth, and swallow. Thumb sucking is a risk factor.
Reinfestation (self-infestation) occurs easily through the transfer of eggs from the perianal area to the mouth. Pinworms infections are also caused by anal intercourse between adults. The pinworms reach maturity in the lower portion of the digestive tract between 2 to 6 weeks.
The female helminths migrate out of the anus in the perianal region (usually at night) to deposit the eggs. The gelatinous and sticky substance in which the eggs are deposited and the movements of the female cause the perianal pruritus. The eggs can survive at night for 3 weeks at normal room temperature. Since this worm is a supplier of intestinal verminosis these probably cause you to experience burning or an extreme irritation around your anus. Although there are people who never get to experience any symptoms.
The test that is done to reveal the presence of this worm is the Examination of the perianal region in which helminths, eggs or both are sought. The pinworm infestation can be diagnosed through the finding of the female helminth, which measures about 10 mm in length (while the males measure an average of 3 mm) into the perianal region. Between 1 and 2 hours after the child lies down at night, in the morning, or by using a low magnification microscope to identify the eggs on a cellophane tape.
The eggs are collected early before the child gets up, tapping the perianal folds with cellophane tape, which is then glued onto a slide for observation under a microscope. The eggs, which measure 50 x 30 mm, are oval and have a thin cover containing a rolled larva. A drop of toluene placed between the tape and the slide dissolves the adhesive and removes air bubbles under the tape, which otherwise can affect the identification of the eggs.
If deemed necessary, this procedure should be repeated 5 successive times. You can also find eggs in feces, urine or vaginal smears, although less frequently. The most successful way to prevent Pinworm infection is to wash your hands with soap and warm water after going to the bathroom or changing diapers, and before handling food. Infected people should shower every morning to help eliminate eggs from the skin. Clothing, linens and other items should be washed frequently and environments should be vacuumed.
Diagnostic and steps to follow
If you have been diagnosticated with pinworms, there are actually many ways to treat them and get rid of them; although remedies to treat pinworms exist, these aren’t a recommended as first option treatment, this happen since pinworm infestation is rarely dangerous, prevalence is high and reinfestation is common, treatment is only indicated in patients with symptomatic infections.
However, most parents of children with pinworms seek treatment. One of the most usual treatments is based on a single oral dose of 100 mg mebendazole (regardless of age) or 400 mg albendazole orally, repeated in 2 weeks, is effective in eradicating pinworms (but not eggs) in more than 90% of patients. You can apply petrolatum with carbolic acid or antipruritic cream.
Out of these treatments, there are the natural remedies, these ones are actually the most usual ways how to get rid of pinworms. There are actually reasonable quantities of these remedies since what may work for someone else it may not work for you, for example, if you have allergies, you should be careful when trying home remedies. The most usual home remedies are: raw garlic, coconut oil and raw carrots.
If you’re not sure of these treatments or home remedies then you should just go and see your doctor, and if still, you’re not pretty much sure of when you should go and see your doctor, we let you know that best moment to go is when you have the first suspect. Even so, you can take into account the following factors.
- The symptoms persist.
- You experience stomach cramps.
- Blood is present in your urine or stool.
If you or someone near has a pinworm infection, it should be treated as soon as possible. If you got the solution of how to get rid of Pinworms here, it’s really great one. If you have the serious condition that is not curable naturally, please contact with a Dr asap to get rid of it.